We began the semester with an interdisciplinary approach that combined the fields of geometry, visualization, art, history, philosophy and physics, in the

More recently we applied the reasoned strategies that mathematics illustrates as a powerful tools that give us surprising strength for analyzing and conquering life's issues in the finance and statistics segments. We have engaged in creative inquiry methods all throughout this class. My hope is that you will take these skills with you and find it helpful to apply them to your own lives in the future.

You'll receive the numerical data, writing, and computer use designators for your work in this class (all Math 1010s must satisfy the three designators). Math 1010s look very much alike in a lot of ways but we differed slightly by taking the interdisciplinary and thematically linked approach throughout the course, for example, by combining financial mathematics with political science and history in the Ben Franklin project.

I want feedback from you on group effectiveness.

Using File/New Window, open up a new web browser and enter WebCT. Compose a WebCT posting message to Dr. Sarah by choosing the forum containing you and Dr. Sarah and using the subject "peer review". If you feel you deserve the same grades as your partners(s), just say so. If not, please explain why you deserve a higher or lower grade than your partner(s) and specify which project(s) this relates to and the name(s) of your partner(s).

- Use the loan payment and interest formulas to determine how much
a customer will save - ie calculate the monthly payment assuming an
8% interest loan of $20,000 compounded monthly for 3 years and then
calculate the interest of the life of the loan - this interest is the
amount the customer would save in the "Keep America Rolling" program.
**SHOW WORK**

- Often customers are offered a 0% loan or a cash rebate instead. What issues would go into deciding which you would take?

"Keep America Rolling Program" 0%

I found out that GM cancelled the program at one point, but brought it back again, and that the loan was often for 3 years. Let's assume that the loan would have compounded monthly at 8%. In the "Keep America Rolling" program, these 3 year loans charge 0% over the 3 years.

Monthly Payment =

Loan (rate/12) |

__________________ |

1 - (1 + rate/12)^{(- years*12)} |

- Take out your stock packet and
do another
stock update
and show it to me so that I can check it off on your sheet.
Recall that the stock market is unpredictable in the short
term, but, in the past,
over the LONG TERM (20 years), stocks that don't go out of business
have historically performed better than
savings accounts.
The stock sheet has additional updates listed so that you can check
it again over the long term (after the semester is over) if you like.
### Various Perspectives Using Statistics

We have seen that the media often misrepresents statistics, and that one must dig deeply to fully understand the (often contradictory) issues involved.

#### Bin Laden

For example, you may have heard about the 25 million dollar reward offered for information leading to the capture of Bin Laden. After searching for reward "Bin Laden" from www.google.com, I found that this reward is actually worded as "up to $25 million", which means that the reward could actually be any amount of money less than or equal to $25 million. By searching further, I happened across an NPR report on this that clarified that the state department will decide on the actual amount of the reward after Bin Laden is captured.

#### Flu

A second example relates to statistics of deaths from a disease. I searched with

2000 "number of deaths" influenza "united states"

to find out that there were**91,871 deaths**from influenza and pneumonia (which sometimes results from influenza) in the United States in 2000. I also found that there are**94,800,000 flu/pneumonia cases**each year.

I found out that since the late 1940s, the flu vaccine has been the best way to prevent influenza or lessen its severity and that the vaccine prevents over 90% of the influenza/pneumonia deaths, but in 2004, there was a shortage of the flu vaccine. I was surprised by these statistics since I didn't realize that so many people died from complications of the flu. I then looked up the population of the United States via a search with

"census 2000" "total population" "United States",

and obtained**281,421,906 people in the United States**.

One statistic is that the

# deaths from the flu / total population of the united states = 91,871 / 281,421,906 = 3.26...E-4 (E-4 is scientific notation meaning that I go 4 decimal places over to the left - ie .000326...) = .0326%. The is the percentage of the United States population that dies from influenza and pneumonia each year.

Try this on your calculator and make sure you understand before moving on.

There are also other perspectives to examine:

- What is the percentage of cases of flu out of the total
population of the United States? SHOW WORK.

- What is the risk of dying from the flu
(as a percentage) once you already have it?
Calculate this
by taking the number of deaths, dividing by the number of
cases and then turning this into a percentage.
SHOW WORK.
#### Anthrax

Let's see why people were so afraid of the anthrax mailing when the chances of getting the disease are so small: I used effective web searching techniques to find the number of anthrax cases in the United States since September 11th. There were 11 cases of inhalation anthrax infection and 5 deaths. There were 12 cases of cutaneous anthrax infection and 0 deaths.

- Use this information
and the population of the United States (found above) to
determine the percentage of cases of anthrax out of the total population of
the US.
This statistic could be used to calm the public.
Note that this
is much, much smaller than the corresponding flu percentage.
SHOW WORK.

- Determine the risk of dying once you have the disease
as a percentage.
Notice that this is much, much larger than the percentage of
risk of dying once you have
the flu, which explains why people are so afraid.
SHOW WORK.

- We could perform a similar analysis of any disease.
Name some other diseases that have been mentioned in the recent news
that people are afraid of contracting.

- We have examined this theme and have also looked at many
examples of different kinds of math and some applications of mathematics
to real-life, along with the diverse ways that people succeed
in math. Here are some readings for use in your personal reflection:
- Read through
Adding up Fuzzy Math: Teaching the Basics.

- Read the Quantitative
Literacy reading.

- Review the Creative Inquiry Lessons
for Life list.

- Review the What is Mathematics? reading.

If time remains before we come back together again, work on the personal reflection or final project (see the main web page).